PLAGIARISM- Definition, its Types and How to avoid it

The term “Plagiarism”

Plagiarism is basically a method in which someone uses the information, publication or writing of another person in a wrongful manner. It is a method by which someone presents the work, ideas or writings of another author as their own without or with their consent.

In academic writings and content organization, plagiarism is not considered as an ethical act. With the help of various digital tools, information can be obtained in many ways and so plagiarism can be done which is considered as theft of intellectual property or academic dishonesty.

Types of Plagiarism

The most common type of plagiarism that can be found in academic writings are described below:

  • Full Plagiarism: This is the type of plagiarism in which the author or creator copied the full content word-to-word and remove all punctuation and quotation marks of some other author`s work and submit it as their own.

For example,

Original message,

Full Plagiarism:

  • Auto Plagiarism: It is known as duplication in which the creator basically used their own previously created work without the consent of other persons or authors involved in that work.
  • Paraphrasing Plagiarism: It is the type of plagiarism in which the structure of the sentence remains intact and only some words are changed in some other`s work. Because the original idea or sentence remains the same, plagiarism occurs.

For example,

Original Sentence:


Mosaic Plagiarism:  It is somewhat similar to paraphrasing in which the creator tries to write the synonym for the words used in original work but the structure remains the same.

For example,

Original content:

Plagiarised content:

Accidental Plagiarism: Plagiarism can be done intentionally or unintentionally when the creator ignores to cite the sources and submit their work by paraphrasing a source content using similar words, or sentence.

Consequences of Plagiarism:

There is a very negative effect of this plagiarism on academic writings and their creators who found guilty of doing it. It includes some legal action, can damage the reputation of the author and fines and penalties.

Tools to detect Plagiarism:

There are various ways or tools available today that can be used to detect plagiarism in academic writings. Some of these tools are paid and some are freely available on the internet. These tools will go through the writings of the author and provide the complete detail about the content that found plagiarised. These plagiarism checking tools can be available on various websites such as Dupli Checker, Plagiarisma, and Plagiarism Checker, etc. 

Importance of Citation

Citation is basically a method to provide the list of sources from where the author copied the information that can be rephrased or cannot be changed if plagiarism is found. For example, the definition of a noun is a word that can identify a class of people, place or things. This definition cannot be changed completely, therefore require the author to cite the source.

How to Avoid Plagiarism

Paraphrasing and Plagiarism are very closely related in terms of original content or the sentence structure. In order to avoid the Plagiarism, there is a need to develop good writing skills used to express ideas, thoughts, and facts.

Also, Plagiarism can be avoided with the practice of citation in which the creator will specify the references or links to the source which is referred for the content development. Citation also helps the reader or the audiences to refer the additional sources for further information related to the content.

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